Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Neighboring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the northeast; and New Zealand to the southeast.
Australia is known for being the home of the majority of marsupials, including kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, wombats and Tasmanian devils, as well as the monotremes (also known as egg-laying mammals), including the duck-billed platypus and the echidnas. Australia is also home to some well-known birds like emus, cassowaries, cockatoos, kookaburras and kingfishers.
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